Herbert Hoover lost in a landslide to Franklin Delano Roosevelt, and the era of divided bipartisan government began.
Slavery and the Civil War Essay: Slavery and the Civil War The fight over slavery and the resulting Civil War was probably the closest this great nation has come to destroying itself. Years of constant disagreeing, compromises, and cynical ideas about slavery pushed the country into a terrible conflict between the Northern abolitionists and the Southern proslavery farmers and plantation owners.
The nation suffered huge losses economically and went into a downward spiral. The reconstruction period started with many leaders stepping up to try and fix this crippled country, but it did not turn out as everyone hoped. Slavery was still the largest issue, and the reconstruction halted because of the disagreements the people faced.
After several years of working, compromising, and passing laws, the task proved itself to be impossible, as the country remained separated. The absence of unity was present because most of the amendments, laws, and rules passed during Reconstruction were created to secure and guarantee the rights of African Americans.
President Lincoln was elected president at a horrible time for the country, but he still fought to do the best he could.
After the Civil War, the primary emphasis of Lincoln was to rebuild the North but still keep the South happy.
President Lincoln thought that the states that seceded last should be given less guilt than the ones who seceded first. He granted more money to Arkansas, Louisiana, Tennessee, and Virginia, and he treated them better because they were the last to secede. Along with his reconstruction plans came the Radical Republicans who were a small minority in Congress.
They were very determined to give all rights to African Americans and wanted to punish the South. He supported hardcore Democratic principles and restoring Southern power. He brought the remaining states back into the Constitution. He divided the power of planters and restricted their voting.
He allowed Southern states that had abolished slavery and withdrew their articles of secession to obtain amnesty.
The pardon allowed them to re-assume their powers of government and elect representatives to the Congress. This all failed because while the southern states was happy, and the Blacks were not voting under Johnson, the Radical Republicans were outraged, and more conflict was started.
The whole idea of everyone being happy was not working at all with anyone. The third attempt to make Reconstruction successful was by Congress.
Their plan was to punish the South for what they did and to give the blacks equal rights. However, the plan failed because they created two major acts that were never passed because Johnson vetoes them. They also proposed the Civil Rights Act in that protected southern freedpeople from the black codes.He is the author of Final Freedom: The Civil War, the Abolition of Slavery, and the Thirteenth Amendment (Cambridge University Press, ), which was a finalist for the Lincoln Prize and was used liberally by Stephen Spielberg for his film Lincoln.
And Hillsdale sent a larger percentage of its students to fight for the Union in the Civil War than any other American college or university except West Point. Two of those Hillsdale veterans helped carry Lincoln’s casket to the slain president’s final resting place in Springfield, Illinois.
Awards and Scholarships. Department Scholarships and Support for Research; Preserving The Constitution: Essays On Politics And The Constitution In The Era Of Reconstruction.
one of America’s leading historians confronts the constitutional politics of the period from the end of the Civil War . The Civil War by Ken Burns includes maps of key battles, links to historic documents, and allows site visitors to experiment with storytelling by mixing archival .
course of the Civil War Assessment Methods for Course Learning Goals Course learning goals are assessed with exams, essays, written assignments, multi-media projects, and/or participation in classroom/online discussions. CWI scholarships are available for high school students, public South, slavery, the Civil War, Reconstruction, the Gilded Age, and the Progressive Era.
numerous scholarly articles and essays, Dr. Janney is the coeditor with Gary W. Gallagher of Cold Harbor to the Crater: The End of the Overland Campaign (University of North.