He was highly regarded by Washington for his abilities in that area. Lee was further honored when he received a promotion to Major, and command of a mixed force of both infantry and cavalry. Lee was well liked among his men, and they soon gave him the nickname, Light Horse Harry Lee, thanks to his skilled horsemanship. In order for the attack to succeed, the British could have no idea that Lee and his men were approaching.
As one militiaman recalled years later, a breakfast of sweet potatoes was roasting in the fire, and after the negotiations Marion, known as the "Swamp Fox," invited the British soldier to share breakfast.
According to a legend that grew out of the much-repeated anecdote, the British officer was so inspired by the Americans' resourcefulness and dedication to the cause—despite their lack of adequate provisions, supplies or proper uniforms—that he promptly switched sides and supported American independence.
In his version, the primly attired Redcoat seems uncomfortable with Marion's ragtag band, who glare at him suspiciously from the shadows of a South Carolina swamp. Although Francis Marion led surprise attacks against the British, and was known for his cunning and resourcefulness, Mel Gibson played The Patriot's Marion-inspired protagonist as an action hero.
Marion into the garb and dress of a military romance," Weems wrote in to Peter Horry, the South Carolina officer on whose memoir the book was based. Weems had also authored an extremely popular biography of George Washington inand it was he who invented the apocryphal cherry tree story.
Marion's life received similar embellishment. Fortunately, the real Francis Marion has not been entirely obscured by his legend—historians including William Gilmore Simms and Hugh Rankin have written accurate biographies.
Based on the facts alone, "Marion deserves to be remembered as one of the heroes of the War for Independence," says Busick, who has written the introduction to a new edition of Simms' The Life of Francis Marion, out in June Marion was born at his family's plantation in Berkeley County, South Carolina, probably in The family's youngest son, Francis was a small boy with malformed legs, but he was restless, and at about 15 years old he joined the crew of a ship and sailed to the West Indies.
During Marion's first voyage, the ship sank, supposedly after a whale rammed it. The seven-man crew escaped in a lifeboat and spent a week at sea before they drifted ashore. After the shipwreck, Marion decided to stick to land, managing his family's plantation until he joined the South Carolina militia at 25 to fight in the French and Indian War.
Most heroes of the Revolution were not the saints that biographers like Parson Weems would have them be, and Francis Marion was a man of his times: While not noble by today's standards, Marion's experience in the French and Indian War prepared him for more admirable service.
The Cherokee used the landscape to their advantage, Marion found; they concealed themselves in the Carolina backwoods and mounted devastating ambushes. Two decades later, Marion would apply these tactics against the British.
Inafter his militia had defeated the area Cherokees, Marion returned to farming. He was successful enough to purchase his own plantation, Pond Bluff, in InMarion was elected to the first South Carolina Provincial Congress, an organization in support of colonial self-determination.
After the Battles of Lexington and Concord on April 19,the Provincial Congress voted to raise three regiments, commissioning Marion a captain in the second.
His first assignments involved guarding artillery and building Fort Sullivan, in the harbor of Charleston, South Carolina. But for much of the next three years, he remained at the fort, occupying the time by trying to discipline his troops, whom he found to be a disorderly, drunken bunch insistent on showing up to roll call barefoot.
Inthey joined the Siege of Savannah, which the Americans lost. Marion's role in the war changed course after an odd accident in March of Andrew Pickens (September 13, – August 11, ) was a militia leader in the American Revolution and a member of the United States House of Representatives from South Carolina Contents 1 Early life.
MOST AMERICANS ENVISION Colonel Francis Marion, the “Swamp Fox,” as a tall, strong, handsome, and swashbuckling cavalryman, fearlessly leading South Carolinians to . The American Revolutionary War of to was also known as the American War of Independence.
It had begun as a war between the Kingdom of Great Britain and former 13 united British colonies under the North American continent. “Come on Boys!
Let us go back as for this damned old fox, the Devil himself could not catch him. British Lt. Colonel Banastre Tarleton’s comments after pursuing Colonel Francis Marion.
+ free ebooks online. Did you know that you can help us produce ebooks by proof-reading just one page a day? Go to: Distributed Proofreaders. Francis Marion in the Southern Campaign, American Revolution, Clarendon County, SC, Adjacent to I Homepage The Swamp Fox & Francis Marion Advocates: Pushing back the frontier of ignorance.